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White Savage

Fintan O’Toole

White Savage: William Johnson and the Invention of America by Fintan O’Toole ‘Tells the astonishing story of Sir William Johnson . . . Hero, adventurer, servant of the crown, Irishman, lover – Johnson was all of these.’ (Stella Tillyard)

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A dramatic, exciting and tragic book about the Irish fur trapper who held the fate of America and the British Empire in his hands.

William Johnson began life as a poor Irish Catholic peasant. After converting to Protestantism, he emigrated to America where he became the leading fur trader in the British colony and one of its richest men. He also ‘went native’, marrying an Indian woman and adopting the religion of her tribe, the Iroquois. When war broke out between the French and English, Johnson held the fate of the British Empire in his hands. If the Indians fought with the French, the British were doomed.

A fascinating historical biography of this adventurous man, whose reinvention in the New World made him the first modern American.

Critic Reviews

Hero, adventurer, servant of the crown, Irishman, lover, brother and father of Indians - Johnson was all of these, and O'Toole compellingly tells the intertwined stories of these identities and grippingly makes us see how the world he created and inhabited was swept away by the American revolution. This accomplished and supremely readable book commands our sympathy and evokes a regret for what might have been.

Stella Tillyard, Sunday Times
Critic Reviews

[A] compelling biography. Johnson's life is an engrossing enough story on its own. But O'Toole accords it huge significance, for he draws many grand and intriguing conclusions. Johnson, O'Toole belives, was acutely sensitive to the parallels between the exploitation and dispossession of the Indians by the British and the similar fate of the Irish in the same century, at the same hands ... his scholarship, fluent prose and intellectual ambition combine to make this insightful book an absorbing, challenging read.'

Raymond Seitz, Literary Review
Critic Reviews

Fintan O'Toole has emerged as one of Ireland's pre-eminent persons of letters, a man of astonishing versatility. In Sir William Johnson, the subject of his latest book, even O'Toole may have met his match. Indeed, the Irish-born British official in America was by anyone's reckoning one of the most intriguing men of the 18th-century Atlantic world ... O'Toole's argument is provocative and his take on Johnson is fascinating.

Patrick Griffin, The Irish Times
Critic Reviews

As Fintan O'Toole argues in this remarkable, vivid biography, Johnson was a vital figure in the making of America: in a sense, one could even say that he was the first American.

Stephen Howe, Independent
Critic Reviews

O'Toole has produced a rich, engrossing portrait, convincingly argued and thoroughly researched. It is very difficult to write an engaging book about such a plainly ambivalent character, and O'Toole does it with great verve. William Johnson emerges as a baroque, lively figure, his complicated life teased out in a bold and intelligent book.

Joanna Kavenna, Telegraph
Critic Reviews

O'Toole's narrative, with its clear echoes of Scott, Fenimore Cooper and RL Stevenson's The Master of Ballantrae, is as convincing as it is attractive ... Fintan O'Toole's wonderful book reinstates Sir William's central position in Anglo-American history.

Michael Moorcock, Guardian

Fintan O’Toole is one of Ireland’s most respected and controversial political and cultural commentators, and an acclaimed biographer and critic. His books include White Savage, A Traitor’s Kiss, Meanwhile Back at the Ranch, the number one bestseller Ship of Fools, which Terry Eagleton called ‘a brilliant polemic’, and its sequel Enough is Enough. He lives in Dublin and is a…

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