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Robert Ferguson
Date Published
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The beginning of Robert Ferguson’s introduction is arresting. ‘If they’ve heard of him at all, people tend to know two things about Knut Hamsun: that he wrote Hunger, and that he met Hitler. Those who know a little more know that in Hunger, Mysteries and Pan, he produced novels that have had a decisive effect on European and American literature of the twentieth century. Ernest Hemingway tried to write like him; so did Henry Miller, who called him ‘the Dickens of my generation’; ‘never has the Nobel Prize been awarded to one worthier of it.’ Thomas Mann wrote in 1929. Hermann Hesse called him ‘my favourite author’. Russian writers like Andre Bely and Boris Pasternak read him keenly in their youth, and Andre Gide thought him arguable superior to Dostoevsky. They all read him – Kafka, Brecht, Gorky, Wells, Musil. Rebecca West described him as the possessor of ‘qualities that belong to the very great – the completest omniscience about human nature’. And Isaac Bashevis Singer stated that Hamsun was quite simply ‘the father of the modern school of literature in his every aspect – his subjectiveness, his fragmentariness, his use of flashbacks, his lyricism’. Singer, in his foreword to Hunger, goes on to say that ‘The whole modern school of fiction in the twentieth century stems from Hamsun.’ Yet in discussions of the history of modern literature, Hamsun’s name is rarely mentioned. His reputation, which probably reached its height around 1929 with the world celebrations of his seventieth birthday, was in ruins by the end of the Second World War. Alone among the major European writers, he had supported Hitler. Brazenly alone, he had hailed he rise and bemoaned the fall of the epitome of spiritual tyranny in recent history.’

What a subject, and in this, the first biography, Robert Ferguson brilliantly gets the measure of this awkward, paradoxical writer, or, as he calls him ‘a multiple paradox, a living riddle; a human question-mark’.

Enigma is scholarly, very readable, warm, intelligent, shrewd, refreshingly unpretentious, invaluable, essential. A magnificent achievement.’ Martin Seymour-Smith, Washington Post

Enigma is simply a pleasure to read. When Ferguson writes of the demonic muse that haunted Hamsun throughout his life, we glimpse something profound about the creative act of writing, and we come very close to the exalted emotion that every writer feels – or hopes to feel. Indeed, the highest praise that can be bestowed on Ferguson’s work is to declare that Enigma is one of the most moving, inspiring and exciting books on the subject of writing that I have ever encountered.’ Jonathan Kirsch, Los Angeles Times

‘Robert Ferguson’s is the first full length English biography of Knut Hamsun and no one could ahve done a more expert job.’ John Carey, Sunday Times


Robert Ferguson was born in Blackpool in 1948. After completing Norwegian studies at University College in London, he took up a state scholarship in Norway in1983, and has since then lived in Oslo. Ferguson is an award-winning dramatist and has translated and adapted several of Ibsen’s plays for the BBC. Apart from Henrik Ibsen: A New Biography he is also…

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